Plantar fasciitis is a condition in the feet that impacts the ligament which extends from the heel towards the front foot. This is one of the most common reasons for discomfort in the heel and foot which produces a sharp pain you can experience with the initial steps out of bed each day. Once your foot warms up the pain will usually improve. Nevertheless, right after standing on the feet for long periods of time, or sitting down for long intervals and then standing up again, the pain comes back. The discomfort arises from the plantar fascia, or extended thin ligament that can be found directly under the skin of your foot and connects the heel to your ball of the foot. Its function is to support the arch of the feet.
Probably the most common causes of plantar fasciitis is foot arch problems. People with flat feet or who have highly arched feet could both suffer a greater possibility of this problem considering that the plantar fascia is excessively extended or tight to produce the impact moderation to the feet. Overpronation during walking and running can even make the foot to flatten excessively during exercise. Biomechanical issues of the foot may also bring about overpronation and stretching of the plantar fascia. These issues include ankle equinus (limited ankle movement), forefoot invertus, leg length differences and tibia varum (minor bow leg). Long distance runners or people who suddenly change the quantity of miles they are running – like runners, football players, basketball athletes or weekend warriors – are at risk for plantar fasciitis as a result of immediate alteration of distances or intensity. Shoes that will not give you the appropriate arch support to the feet – especially for all those who have flat – might increase the risk of acquiring the disorder. Sudden putting on weight as with pregnancy, or people who find themselves overweight or obese can also get an increased chance of plantar fasciitis.
In the course of diagnosis and while recommending therapy your podiatrist can decide that your Achilles tendon restricted. This restricted tendon may also place unnecessary force on the fascia and increase potential risk of development as well as slow the recovery from plantar fasciitis. A tight calf muscle or Achilles tendon will create an environment where there's high rate pronation that produces a repetitive overstretching of the plantar ligament. The pain from plantar fasciitis generally evolves gradually as time passes instead of all of a sudden. Your podiatrist may also want to take x-rays or bone scan of your feet to make certain that the bone hadn't separated, so you were also being affected by a stress fracture of the heel.